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Featured Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Japan Desk ジャパンデスク

JAPAN DESK
ジャパンデスク

当事務所のジャパンデスクは、長年マレーシアに在住し、日マ双 方のビジネス環境、文化、習慣を熟知したディレクターが担当して います。包括的な業界知識と、クライアントサービス経験を活か し、ローカルのプロフェッショナルチームと連携し、日系企業の皆 様にきめ細かなサービスをご提供しています。そして法令順守、業 務課題の解決、ビジネス機会の抽出と最大化、効率の向上、その成 果としての事業目標の達成に貢献いたします。
Japan has been consistently remained as one of top investors in the South East Asia region, and recognising the distinct needs of Japanese businesses, our Japan Desk is led by native Japanese who is fluent in Japanese-English and has stayed locally for a number of years, thus he understand both local and Japanese business environment, culture and customs well and is able to leverage our extensive industry knowledge and client services experiences and lead our local professional teams to work closely with Japanese companies to meet the local statutory compliances, resolve business issues, identify and maximum business opportunities, improve efficiency and eventually to achieve your business goals.
日本は、東南アジア地域において、常にトップインベスターの地位を占めています。そして、日本ビジネス特有のニーズには個別対応が必要な ことから、当事務所では日本語と英語に熟達し、かつマレーシアにて長期の実務経験を有する、日本人コンサルタントを配置しています。そし て、日本とマレーシア双方のビジネス環境、文化的特性、商習慣に対する十分な理解のもと、広範囲な業界知識と業務経験を活かし、当事務所 のローカルスタッフと連携し、日本企業向けにプロフェッショナルサービスを提供しています。そのスコープには、法令順守、業務課題の解決、 ビジネス機会の抽出と最大化、効率性改善、そしてその成果としての事業目標の達成に貢献いたします。

In addition, we organises Japanese seminars and publishes Japanese publications and newsletters regularly to ensure Japanese companies stay tune with the updated information which is essential to them to make any business decision promptly.
さらに当事務所では、日本語でのビジネスセミナーや書籍・ビジネスレターなどの定期的な発行を通して、日本企業に最新情報をお届けするこ とで、迅速かつ臨機応変な意思決定をサポートしています。

What We Do 当事務所のサービス

Our Japan Desk provides a diverse spectrum of business solutions and consulting services to Japanese client including:
ジャパンデスクでは、多岐に渡るビジネスソリューションとコンサルティングサービスを提供しています。

Audit and Assurance
監査・保証業務(アシュアランス)

Offshore Advisory
オフショアアドバイス

BPO & Business Advisory
アウトソーシング(BPO)・ビジネスアドバイス

Risk & Governance Advisory
リスク・ガバナンスアドバイス

Digital Transformation & Data Analytic
デジタルトランスフォーメーション・データアナリティクス

Tax & GST Advisory
税務・GST税アドバイス

Family Office & Private Client Services
ファミリーオフィス・プライベートサービス

Transfer Pricing Advisory
移転価格アドバイス

Financial and Transactions Advisory
財務、買収合併アドバイス

US Desk
アメリカデスクサービス

Market Entry Advisory
市場参入アドバイス

Valuation Advisory
事業価値評価アドバイス

Migration Advisory
移転アドバイス

Categories
Featured Ideas & Insights Newsletter

US Desk

US DESK

Thinking of going listed aboard on US Stock Exchange for either a better valuation and liquidity or gateway to international market to leverage global growth?

Our US Desk has been setup to support and facilitate those Asia-based companies interested in going listed aboard on US Stock Exchange.

Our US Desk is well connected with our member firms or strategic partners throughout the US to act as a single point of contact to manage your cross-border projects in direct coordination with your team and assist your IPO path to success in US.

What We Do

Our expertise include:
  • US GAAP Reporting including the Preparation of SEC Form, Quarterly Announcement and Annual Financial Statement in accordance with
    US GAAP Financial Reporting Framework;
  • Identifying Key Differences Between IFRS and US GAAP and Converting IFRS to US GAAP and Assisting in the Calculation of Necessary
    Adjustments;
  • Preparing Interim or Annual US GAAP and SEC Disclosure Checklist and Management Analysis and Discussions;
  • US GAAP Technical Accounting Memorandum on Complex and Unusual Accounting Transactions;
  • SOX (Sarbanes Oxley) Reporting including the setting up of COSO Framework to Address Major Elements of Internal Controls such as
    the Control Environment, Risk Assessment, Control Activities, Information/Communication, and Monitoring Activities to meet the
    requirements of 404a – Management’s Responsibility for Establishing and Maintaining Adequate Internal Control For Financial Reporting
    or 404b – Independent Auditor’s Responsibility for Attesting to and Reporting on Management’s Assessment of Internal Control.
  • Introducing and Pitching a Target Companies to Potentially Match with a Right SPACs (Special Purpose Acquisitions Companies) for
    Acquisition and Merger.
  • American National Standard Business Valuation by Certified Valuation Analyst (CVA) of National Association of Certified Valuators and
    Analysts (NACVA) for the purpose of Financial Reporting, Initial Public Offering (IPO), Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A) and SPACs.

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Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Malaysia Budget 2022 Highlights

Malaysia Budget 2022 Highlights: Strengthening Recovery, Building Resilience and Driving Reforms

Key Takeaway

  • Effective from 1 January 2022, income derived from foreign sources and received in Malaysia by Malaysian tax residents will be subject to income tax
  • For YA 2022, Cukai Makmur, a special one-off tax to be imposed on companies with taxable income of more than 100 million ringgit
  • Unutilised business losses to be carried forward for 10 consecutive YAs
  • Additional Reinvestment Allowance will be extended for 2 years until YA 2024
  • Effective from 1 January 2022, RPGT rate of an individual citizen, permanent resident and other than a company for disposal in the 6th year and onwards be reduced from 5% to 0%.
On 29 October 2021, our Finance Minister, YB Senator Tengku Datuk Seri Utama Zafrul Tengku Abdul Aziz tabled the 2022 National Budget with the theme, ‘Keluarga Malaysia, Makmur Sejahtera’ as Malaysia enters the recovery phase of COVID-19 and makes preparation to revitalise its economy.

Numerous tax measures were introduced revolving around the three key pillars of the 2022 National Budget, namely Strengthening Recovery, Building Resilience and Driving Reforms.

This edition of our Tax Alert is prepared based on the 2022 National Budget speech and a follow-up edition will be issued to cover key tax proposals and updates, after the Finance Bill is issued.

Key Tax Proposals

Affecting Individuals

  • Tax relief on costs associated with the adoption of self-funded booster vaccines.
  • The scope for individual income tax relief for full medical check-up expenses is expanded to cover the cost of check-up or consultation service related to mental health from registered psychiatrist, clinical psychologist and counsellor.
  • In line with the new norm and work from home practices, the special individual income tax relief of up to RM2,500 on the purchase of mobile phone, computer and tablet be extended until 31 December 2022.
  • The limit of individual income tax relief for up-skilling and self-enhancement course fees will be increased from RM1,000 to RM2,000 and extended to year of assessment 2023. In addition, those who undertake courses with any professional bodies will be eligible for a tax relief of up to RM7,000. Approved courses include professional courses in accounting, finance and environmental, social and governance (ESG)-related.
  • Tax relief of up to RM4,000 for Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) contributors is expanded to include voluntary contributions, such as those who are self-employed in the gig economy including pensionable civil servants.
  • Tax relief limit will be increased from RM250 to RM350 and the scope of relief for Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) contributions will also be expanded to cover employee contributions through the Employment Insurance Scheme (EIS).
  • Tax relief of up to RM3,000 for fees paid to registered child care centre or kindergarten is extended until the year of assessment 2023.
  • Income tax exemption on recognised e-sports tournament prize money.
  • Special individual income tax relief for domestic tourism expenses up to RM1,000 be extended until year of assessment 2022.
  • Tax relief up to RM2,500 on expenses related to cost of installation, rental, purchasing including hire-purchase equipment or subscription fees for EV charging facilities.
  • Income tax is imposed to residents in Malaysia on income derived from foreign sources and received in Malaysia from 1 January 2022.
  • Tax relief for deferred annuity premium payment be extended until the year of assessment 2025 (to be in line with the extension of the income tax relief for contribution in Private Retirement Scheme (PRS)).

Key Tax Proposals

Affecting Corporates and Businesses

  • Tax deduction to employers on costs associated with the adoption of self-funded booster vaccines.
  • Double tax deduction to companies that provide scholarships to students in institutions of higher learning:
    1. the scope of qualifying studies be expanded to all fields of study at the Technical and Vocational, Diploma, Degree including Master’s and Doctorate; and
    2. the tax incentive be extended for 4 years from the year of assessment 2022 to the year of assessment 2025.
  • Tax incentive for the Structured Internship Program is extended until the year of assessment 2025 and this incentive is also expanded for students in the Master’s Degree, Professional Certificate and Malaysian Skills Certificate Levels 1 and 2.
  • Tax deduction of up to RM300,000 on the cost of renovating and refurbishing business premises is extended until 31 December 2022.
  • For manufacturing and manufacturing-related service companies registered under Safe@Work, a further tax deduction of up to RM50,000 on rental expenses of employees’ accommodation premises will be extended until 31 December 2022.
  • Special tax deduction to the owners of buildings or business premises who provide rental reduction to tenants of at least 30% from the original rate be extended until June 2022.
  • Treatment of accumulated unabsorbed business losses:
    1. the current unabsorbed business losses that can be carried forward from year of assessment 2019 onwards be extended from a maximum period of 7 consecutive years of assessment to a maximum period of 10 consecutive years of assessment; and
    2. the accumulated unabsorbed losses up to the year of assessment 2018 that can be carried forward until the year of assessment 2025 be extended until the year of assessment 2028.
  • The Additional Reinvestment Allowance (RA) provided for the year of assessment 2020 to year of assessment 2022 be extended for 2 years until year of assessment 2024 for existing companies in Malaysia that have exhausted RA and Special RA eligibility. Such extension will make up the total period of Additional RA to 5 years.
  • Income tax exemption for organizers of arts and cultural activities as well as international sports and recreational competitions is extended for 3 years, ie. from the year of assessment 2023 until year of assessment 2025.
  • Income tax exemption on all income of Social Enterprises up to 3 years of assessment based on the validity period of accreditation approved by the Joint Accreditation Committee by the Ministry of Entrepreneur and Cooperative Development and Yayasan Hasanah.
  • One-off tax known as Cukai Makmur, companies with taxable income up to the first 100 million ringgit will be subject to income tax at the rate of 24 percent and the remaining taxable income will be subject to income tax at the rate of 33 percent for the year of assessment 2022.
  • Income tax is imposed to residents in Malaysia on income derived from foreign sources and received in Malaysia from 1 January 2022.
  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) with a paid-up capital of RM2.5 million and below with annual sales turnover not exceeding RM50 million will enjoy income tax rebate of up to RM20,000 for each year of assessment, for the first 3 years of assessment. The establishment and operational period for new MSMEs including MSMEs that perform business activities through online platform be extended to 31 December 2022 .
  • Tax incentives for activities under Digital Ecosystem Acceleration Scheme (DESAC) is expanded as follows:
    1. Digital Technology Provider
      1. New company
        Income tax rate of 0% to 10% for up to 10 years.
      2. Existing company that diversifies in new service activities or new service segments
        Income tax rate of 10% for up to 10 years.
    2. Digital Infrastructure Provider
      Investment Tax Allowance (ITA) of 100% on capital expenditure for qualifying activities for up to 10 years which can be set-off against up to 100% of statutory income.
      (For application received by Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA) from 30 October 2021 to 31 December 2025.)
  • Double tax deduction on operating expense of Anchor companies that developed local vendors under the Vendor Development Programme (VDP) and signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) or the Ministry of Entrepreneur Development and Cooperatives (MEDAC) are reviewed as follows:
    1. deductions for qualifying operating expenses be increased up to RM500,000 per year of assessment;
    2. the tax incentive be extended for 5 years for anchor companies that have signed MoU with MEDAC; and
    3. deductions are given for 3 consecutive years of assessment. (For MoU signed between anchor companies and MEDAC from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2025.)
  • The scope on the purchase of qualifying green assets and green services qualifying for Green Technology Tax Incentives be expanded to include Rainwater Harvesting System (RHS) projects, verified by the Malaysian Green Technology Corporation (MGTC). To be eligible for Green Investment Tax Allowance (GITA) or Green Investment Tax Exemption (GITE), applications must be received by MIDA from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2023.
  • Tax incentive for individual income tax at a flat rate of 15% given to non-resident individuals holding key positions in companies investing in new strategic investments in Malaysia is extended for 1 year (for applications received by MIDA until 31 December 2022).

Key Tax Proposals

Indirect Tax

  • 100% sales tax exemption on CKD passenger vehicles and 50% on CBU including SUV and MPV extended for six months until 30 June 2022.
  • 100% stamp duty exemption on restructuring or rescheduling of loan/financing agreement extended to 31 December 2022.
  • Exemption on entertainment duty for entertainment activities in all Federal Territories until 31 December 2022. State authorities are similarly advised to provide duty exemption on entertainment activities to support the recovery of this sector.
  • Full exemption on import duty, excise duty and sales tax exemptions on electric vehicles (EVs). Road tax exemptions of up to 100% will also be given to the vehicle owners.
  • The rate of stamp duty on contract notes is increased from 0.1% to 0.15% and the stamp duty limit of RM200 for each related contract note is abolished. At the same time, brokerage services related to the trading of shares listed on Bursa Malaysia be exempted from service tax.
  • Sales tax be imposed on goods not exceeding RM500 from abroad sold online by seller and sent to consumers in Malaysia via air courier service.
  • Service tax is levied on delivery services provided by service providers including e-Commerce platforms except food and beverage delivery services and logistics services.
  • The Special Voluntary Recognition Program of the Royal Malaysian Customs Department was introduced in phases with a penalty remission incentive of 100 per cent for the first phase and a penalty remission of 50 per cent for the second phase. Tax remission will also be considered in certain cases.
  • For P2P financing made through P2P financing platform registered and recognised by the Securities Commission (SC), 100% stamp duty exemption on P2P loan/financing agreement between MSMEs and investors for P2P loan/financing agreement executed from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2026.
  • Extension of stamp duty exemption of one year for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) that carry out merger or acquisition scheme on instruments executed on the following documents:
      1. contracts or agreements for the sale or lease of property (land, buildings, machinery and equipment);
      2. instrument of transfer and memorandum of understanding;
      3. loan or financing agreements; and
      4. the first rental agreement.
    for application of merger or acquisition received by the Ministry of Entrepreneur Development and Cooperatives from 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2022 and instruments executed until 31 December 2022.
  • Tourism tax exemption be extended for 1 year, from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022.

Key Tax Proposals

Real Property Gains Tax (RPGT)

  • RPGT rate on gains from the disposal of real property and shares in real property company by an individual citizen, permanent resident and other than a company in the 6th year and onwards be reduced from 5% to 0%.

Tax Administration

  • Deferment of income tax instalment payments for MSMEs for six months until 30 June 2022.
  • All businesses are allowed to amend the estimated income tax payable on the 11th month before 31 October 2022.
  • The use of tax identification numbers (or TINs) will be implemented from 2022 to broaden the income tax base.
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Featured Ideas & Insights

Why Labuan?

Why Labuan?

TAX BENEFITS

1. Corporate Tax 3%

The Labuan Business Activity Tax (Requirements for Labuan Business Activity) Regulation 2021 has been gazetted on 22 November 2021
and are deemed to have come into operation on 1 January 2019,a Labuan company carrying on a Labuan business activity is only subject
to tax at the rate of 3% of net profit PROVIDED that it has fulfilled the requirement of the number of full time employees and an amount of
annual operating expenditure as specified in the Schedule below:

Labuan Company Carrying on a Labuan Business Activity
Minimum Number of Full Time Employees in Labuan
Minimum Amount of Annual Operating Expenditure in Labuan (RM)
Labuan Insurer, Labuan reinsurer, Labuan takaful operator or Labuan retakaful operator

3

200,000

Labuan underwriting manager or Labuan underwriting takaful manage
4

100,000

Labuan insurance manager or Labuan takaful manager
4
100,000
Labuan insurance broker or Labuan takaful broker

2

100,000

Labuan captive insurer or Labuan captive takaful
4
100,000
Labuan International Commodity Trading Company

3

3,000,000
Labuan captive insurer or Labuan captive takaful –
  1. Labuan first party captive insurer or Labuan first party captive takaful; or
  2. Labuan third party captive insurer or Labuan third party captive takaful.

2

2

100,000

100,000

Labuan bank, Labuan investment bank, Labuan Islamic bank or Labuan Islamic investment bank

3

200,000

Labuan trust company

3

120,000
Labuan leasing company or Labuan Islamic leasing company
  1. 10 or less related Labuan leasing companies or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
  2. 11 to 20 related Labuan leasing companies or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
  3. 21 to 30 related leasing companies or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
  4. More than 30 related Labuan leasing companies or Labuan Islamic leasing companies

2 per group


3 per group

 

4 per group


Increase of 1 employee for every additional 10 related companies or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;

100,000 for each Labuan leasing company or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
100,000 for each Labuan leasing company or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
100,000 for each Labuan leasing company or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;
100,000 for each Labuan leasing company or Labuan Islamic leasing companies;

Labuan credit token company or Labuan Islamic credit token company

2

100,000
Labuan development finance company or Labuan Islamic development finance company

2

100,000

Labuan building credit company or Labuan Islamic factoring company

2

100,000
Labuan factoring company or Labuan Islamic factoring company

2

100,000

Labuan money broker or Labuan Islamic factoring company

2

100,000
Labuan fund manager

2

100,000

Labuan securities license or Labuan Islamic securities license

2

100,000
Labuan fund administrator

2

100,000

Labuan company management
  • provision of treasury processing services and such other services as defined in Section 129 of the Labuan Financial Services and Securities Act 2010.

2

100,000

Labuan International Financial Exchange

2

120,000

Self-regulatory organisation or Islamic self-regulation organisation

2

120,000
Labuan entity that undertakes pure equity holding activities
  1. Ladministrative services
    – services pertaining to employee management, payroll management, property management, human resource management, financial planning, contract or subcontract management, facilities management or proposal management.*
  2. Laccounting services
    – services pertaining to recording, analysing, summarizing or classifying financial, commercial and business transactions and information of a person or business.*
  3. legal services
    i. conveyancing services*
    ii. legal advisory services*
    iii. litigation or legal representation services in any proceedings before any court, tribunal or other authority
    iv. legal dispute resolution services including alternative dispute resolution.
  4. backroom processing services
    – services relating to settlements of receivables and payables, clearance, record maintenance, regulatory compliance or information technology (IT) related services which are usually performed by administration and support personnel who do not deal directly with client.
  5. Payroll services
    – services relating to
    i. processing, calculation, payment and deduction of remuneration, benefits, tax and statutory payment
    ii. issuance of payslip and tax statement
  6. talent management services
    – services relating to the provision of human resource services to attract, onboard, develop, motivate, and retain employees.*
  7. agency services
    – services relating to the provision of specific services on behalf of another group, business, or person pursuant to an agency agreement between the agent and its client.*
  8. insolvency related services
    – services related to administering company liquidations or winding up or personal bankruptcy.*
  9. management services other than Labuan company management under item 17
    – organization and coordination of activities of a business in order to provide services to the clients and usually consist of organizing, supervising, monitoring, planning,controlling and directing business’s resources such as human, financial and technology*

*As per Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ) on Labuan Business Activity Tax (Requirements for Labuan Business Activity) Regulations 2021 [P.U. (A) 423/2021] issued by Labuan Financial Services Authority (LOFSA) dated 14 December 2021.*

2

50,000

Labuan entity that undertakes investment holding activities other than pure equity holding activities

1

20,000

Labuan entity that undertakes pure equity holding activities
Exempted under the Labuan Business Activity Tax (Exemption) Order 2020 [P.U (A) 177/2020]

20,000

Management And Control Requirement For Labuan Entity That Undertakes Pure Equity Holding Activities

Regulation 3, The Labuan Business Activity Tax (Requirements for Labuan Business Activity) Regulation 2021 which is deemed to have come into operation on 1 January 2021, requires the above mentioned company to comply with the following:
  1. meeting of the board of directors is convened in Labuan at least once a year;
  2. the registered office of the Labuan entity shall be situated in Labuan;
  3. the secretary of the Labuan entity appointed under the Labuan Companies Act 1990 shall be resident in Labuan;
  4. the accounting and business records including the minutes of meeting of the Labuan entity’s board of directors shall be kept in Labuan;

Income derived from intellectual property rights is subject to tax at the rate of 17% or 24% under Income Tax Acts 1967(“ITA”)

With effect from 1 Jan 2019, under Income Tax (Deductions Not Allowed for Payment Made to Labuan Company by Resident) Rules 2018 (Amendment) 2020, the following type of payments made to a Labuan Entity by a company resident in Malaysia are not entitled to a tax deduction:

Type of payment
Minimum Amount of Annual Operating Expenditure in Labuan (RM)
Interest payment
25%
Lease rental
25%
Other payments
97%

2) 0% ON SERVICE TAX AND 6 % ON IMPORTED SERVICE

No service tax shall be charged on any taxable service provided within or between Special Areas and Designated Areas unless on the taxable services prescribed in the Service Tax (Imposition of Tax for Taxable Service in Respect of Designated Areas and Special Areas) Order 2018.

3) 0% ON WITHHOLDING TAX

There is no withholding tax on dividends paid by a Labuan Company in respect of dividends distributed out of income derived from Labuan business activities or income exempt from income tax. Interest, royalties, lease rental, technical fee and management fees paid to a non- resident are not subject to withholding tax.

4) 0% ON STAMP DUTY

This may include but not limited to transfer of share, etc.

5) 100% EXEMPTION OF DIRECTOR’S FEE RECEIVED BY NON-CITIZENS INDIVIDUAL

6) DOUBLE TAXATION AGREEMENT (DTA) WITH MORE THAN 70 COUNTRIES

Labuan Company enjoys the benefits of more double taxation treaties than any other offshore company as it almost enjoys same full double taxation benefit as Malaysia company except for eleven (11) of those 74 countries, and it can enjoy full treaty benefit even with those eleven (11) countries by incorporating a Malaysian domestic subsidiary company.

7) LIBERAL LABUAN EXCHANGE CONTROL ENVIRONMENT – FREE FLOW OF FUNDS

8) INVESTMENT PROTECTION AGREEMENT (IGA) WITH MORE THAN 50 COUNTRIES

9) THE CONFIDENTIALITY OF COMPANY, SHAREHOLDER AND DIRECTORS’ INFORMATION IS ENSURED

10) LABUAN COMPANY VS BVI COMPANY

Labuan Company
BVI Company
Labuan is low-tax jurisdiction country.
BVI is tax-free jurisdiction country.

Certain home country may impose the income tax law on incomes deriving from offshore, if they have not been taxed offshore, particularly, when they are remitted back, this may appy to BVI Co but not Labuan Co as it pays minimum tax.

Labuan Co enjoys more than 70 countries’ double tax treaties (DTAs).

BVI enjoys only 2 countries’ (Japan and Switzerland) double tax treaties (DTAs), and these treaties are not used in practise.

Dividend declared from Labuan Co to Malaysia is free of tax.

Dividend declared from BVI co may subject to income tax.

Note: If the company is Non-Malaysian Co, the tax exemption will depend on each home country’s law jurisdiction and its double tax treaties with Malaysia.

No withholding tax on interest payment.

BVI has applied the European Union (EU) Savings Directive since 1 July 2005. A withholding tax (initially 15%, rising to 20% from 1 July 2008) has been applied to interest payments to natural persons resident within the EU.

Labuan has its registered auditor under its jurisdiction. The income tax payable is allowed to base on the audited profit, the source of income is cleared for reinvestment or dividend purpose, once it is paid.

BVI has no registered auditor under its jurisdiction.

ILLUSTRATIONS ON LABUAN COMPANY STRUCTURE

1) Labuan Leasing Company or Labuan Islamic Leasing Company

Suitable Industries

  • Vessel, aircraft, shipping, oil & gas, high value assets co.

Tax Advantages

  • Income tax is only 3% of net profit
  • Dividend income received by Labuan Co is exempted from tax.
  • No withholding tax on dividend declared And lease rental made by Malaysian subsidiaries or 3rd Party Malaysian Co.

2) Investment Holding Company

Suitable Industries :

  • Investment holding or offshore investment.

Tax Advantages

  • Dividend income received by Malaysian Parent Co(1)  or Labuan Co is exempted from tax.
  • No withholding tax on dividend declared by Labuan Co to either Malaysian or Foreign Parent Co.
  • No withholding tax on interest charged by Malaysian or Foreign Parent Co to Labuan Co.
  • No Capital Gain Tax and stamp duty for the transfer of shares in Labuan Co, e.g. dispose the investment in Foreign Manufacturing Co by selling Labuan Co.
  • Enjoys double tax treaties with more than 70 countries via a Labuan Co.

3) Captive Insurance

Suitable Industries :

  • Captive Insurance

Tax Advantages

Income tax is only 3% of net profit

  • Dividend income received by Malaysian Parent Co(1) is exempted from tax.
  • No withholding tax on dividend declared by Labuan Captive Insurance Co.
  • Enjoys double tax treaties with more than 70 countries via a Labuan Co.

4) Offshore Financing

Suitable Industries :

  • Fund managers

Tax Advantages

  • Income from investment is exempted from tax for Labuan Co.
  • Dividend from Labuan Co is exempted from tax.
  • No withholding tax either on dividend declared by or interest charged from Labuan Co to Labuan Funds.
  • Distribution from Labuan Funds to investors is not subject to withholding tax.
  • Enjoys double tax treaties with more than 70 countries via a Labuan Co.

Other Advantages

  • Lower cost of funds.
  • Liberal Labuan exchange control environment.
  • Debt instruments of Labuan Co may be listed.
Investment Funds 投资基金
Islamic Financing 伊斯兰融资
Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Transfer Pricing Requirements And New Penalties in Malaysia

Transfer Pricing Requirements And New Penalties in Malaysia

Key Takeaway

  • TP Documentation is to be prepared annually
  • Changes in Form C disclosure items for related party transactions, interest expenses paid to related companies and CbyCR notification
  • CbyC Rules are applicable for companies with consolidated revenue of more than RM3 billion
  • New penalty rates have been introduced
This is a summary of the Transfer Pricing Requirements in Malaysia

TP Guidelines (“TPG”)

The 2012 TPG superseded the Guidelines previously issued in year 2003, and was intended to provide detailed guidance to taxpayers on how to comply with the requirements of the law under Section140A of Income Tax Act 1967 and the TP Rules 2012. The 2012 TPG is applicable to:
  • Controlled transactions between associated persons, where at least one party is assessable or chargeable to tax in Malaysia; and
  • Applies to both cross-border transactions and domestic related party transactions. The TPG need not be applied to domestic controlled transactions if it can be proven that any TP adjustments will not alter the total tax payable by both parties.
The guidelines reinforces that companies involved in related party transactions in Malaysia should prepare a TP documentation for the relevant year of assessment. While the TP documentation has to be prepared, it does not need to be submitted unless requested by the tax authorities. Companies who fall below this threshold may opt to prepare a limited scope TP documentation instead of a full scope TP documentation.
  • Companies with gross income more than RM25 million, and the total amount of related party transactions more than RM15 million; OR
  • Companies with financial assistance by related parties more than RM50 million.
A full scope report may consists of the following:
  1. Organizational structure
  2. Nature of business/industry and market conditions
  3. Controlled transactions
  4. Pricing policies
  5. Assumption, strategies and information regarding factors that influenced the price setting policies
  6. Comparability, functional and risk analysis
  7. Selection of the transfer pricing method
  8. Application of the transfer pricing method
  9. Financial information
  10. Other relevant/supporting documents

A simplified TP documentation consists of items (a), (c) and (d) as detailed below. Taxpayer is allowed to apply any method other than the five methods described in the TPG provided it results in arm’s length outcomes.

(a) Organizational Structure

  1. the taxpayer’s worldwide organizational and ownership structure covering all associated persons whose transactions directly or indirectly affect the pricing of the documented transactions; and
  2. a description of the management structure of the local entity, a local organization chart, and a description of the individuals to whom local management reports and the country(ies) in which such individuals maintain their principal offices.

(b) Controlled Transactions

  1. description of details of the property or services to which transaction relates; any intangible rights or property attached thereto, the participants, the scope, timing, frequency, type and value of the controlled transactions (including all relevant related party dealings in relevant geographic markets);
  2. names and addresses of all associated persons, with details of the relationship with each such associated person;
  3. the nature, terms (including prices) and conditions of transactions (where applicable) entered into with each associated person and the quantum and value of each transaction;
  4. an overview description of the business, as well as a functional analysis of all associated persons with whom the taxpayer has transacted;
  5. all commercial agreements setting forth the terms and conditions of transactions with associated persons as well as with third parties; and
  6. a record of any forecasts, budgets or any other financial estimates prepared by the person for the business as a whole and for each division or product separately.

(c) Pricing Policies

Details of pricing policy for each type of controlled transaction shall include:
  1. the formula adopted, including anticipated profit margin/mark-up and cost component;
  2. how the formula is applied;
  3. who determine the pricing policy & how often is the policy being revised;
  4. sample of documents to support the pricing policy; and
  5. comparability study to ensure the arm’s length price.

Income Tax (Country-by-Country Reporting) Rules 2016 (“CbyCR Rules”)

In 2017, the tax authorities issued the CbyCR Rules followed by the Labuan CbyCR Regulation, effective from 1 January 2017 and is applicable to MNE Groups with total consolidated group revenue of at least RM 3 billion. The rules state that the ultimate parent (reporting entity) would have to complete the CbyC Report and submit it to the tax authorities on or before 12 months from the last day of the reporting FY (i.e. 31 December 2021 if the tax payer’s year end is 31 December 2020).

Additionally, there is also a requirement for the Malaysian Companies to notify the tax authorities under Subrule 6(1) and 6(2) of the PU (A) 357/2016 either by disclosing the information as part of the tax returns or by submitting the manual notification form.

Malaysian parent entities and subsidiaries submitting the Form C , TR , TA , TC or TN (tax return forms, whichever is applicable) can furnish the notification by way of tax returns while companies filing Form LE & TF are required to furnish the notification using a manual notification form as follows:
Type of entity
Details
Reporting entity
[Annex B1]
The reporting entity shall notify the Director General in writing if it is the ultimate holding entityon or before the last day of the reporting FY (i.e. 31 December 2021 if the tax payer’s year end is 31 December 2021). Notification will have to include details of all Malaysian and foreign non-reporting constituent entities (Annex B1)
Non-reporting entity
[Annex C1 & C2]
The Malaysian subsidiary does not have to submit the CbyCR but they shall notify the Director General in writing of the identity and tax residence of the reporting entityon or before the last day of the reporting FY (i.e. 31 December 2021 if the tax payer’s year end is 31 December 2021). There are two types of notification for non- reporting entity as follows:

a. Notification for non-reporting entities whose reporting entity is in Malaysia
b. Notification for non-reporting entities whose reporting entity is outside Malaysia

Tax Return Form

Throughout the year from FY 2014 to FY 2021, the income tax return form has been amended to include additional disclosures as follows:
  1. Disclosure on whether tax payers carry out controlled transactions under Section 139 and 140A Tax payer is to disclose all type of transactions they are involved in with a related party and the amount. Tax payer would also have to declare if TP documentation have been prepared.
  2. Disclosure of whether the taxpayer is subject to interest restriction under Section 140C.
    Tax authorities introduced Restriction on deductibility of interest under Section 140C of the Income Tax Act 1967, effective 1 July 2019 onwards aimed at restricting the deduction of interest expense in relation to cross border transaction. The Rules are applicable to:
    • companies who have been granted any financial assistance in a controlled transaction;
    • the total amount of any interest expense for all such financial assistance exceeds RM500,000 in the basis period.
    The maximum amount of interest that is deductible is 20% of the Tax EBITDA. The balance is allowed to be carried forward.
  3. Disclosure on CbyCR
    Tax payer is to disclose if CbyCR is relevant for the Group and fill in the relevant information of the reporting entity.

TP Penalties and Power to Disregard Structures

Failure to furnish contemporaneous TP documentation

With the introduction of Section 113B of the ITA, any person who fails to furnishing a contemporaneous TPD shall be liable to the following:
  1. Fine of not less than RM20,000 and not more than RM100,000; or
  2. Imprisonment for a term not exceeding six (6) months; or
  3. Both.
    1. The new section also empowers the Director General to impose a penalty as stated in (a) if taxpayer is not prosecuted for failure to furnish TP contemporaneous documentation. Taxpayers can appeal on the decision with the Special Commissioners of Income Tax but the burden of proof is on the taxpayers.

5% surcharge on TP adjustments

Under Section 140A (3C), the Director General may impose a surcharge of not more than 5% of the total transfer pricing adjustments regardless if there is any additional taxes payable by the taxpayers. Any surcharge imposed shall be treated as collection tax and would not be treated as a tax payable under any other provision within the ITA.

Power to disregard structure in controlled transactions

Under S140A (3A) and (3B), the Director General will be empowered to disregard any related party transaction structure adopted by the company if he is of the opinion that:
  1. The economic substance of that transaction differs from its form; or
  2. The commercial reality of that transaction differs from the arrangement which would have been adopted by an independent party.
In these circumstances, the Director General will be allowed to make adjustments to the structure to reflect the structure that would have been adopted in a third party arrangement.

Failure to comply (after adjustments have ben issued)

Penalties will be imposed under subsection 113(2) and the TP Audit Framework 2019. The rates can range from 30% to 100% depending on whether the TP documentation is prepared contemporaneously in accordance with the requirements and submitted within 14 days.

Illustration on Penalties

Illustration on Penalties

TP Audit Framework 2019

For Companies who fail to comply, penalties will be imposed under subsection 113(2) of Income Tax Act 1967 (“ITA”) and the TP Audit Framework 2019. The rates from the framework are as follows, divided between normal cases and voluntary disclosure cases (“VD”):
Condition
Penalty Rate
(Normal Case)

Penalty Rate
(VD)

Understatement or omission of income
100%
100%
Taxpayer did not prepare TP documentation

50%

NA

Taxpayer has prepared and submitted the TP documentation with the VD but not in accordance to the requirements; OR;Taxpayer has prepared a comprehensive and good quality TP documentation but failed to submit within timeline provided.

30%

20%

Taxpayer has prepared and submitted a comprehensive and good quality TP documentation with the VD in accordance to the requirements; OR; Taxpayer has prepared a comprehensive and good quality TP documentation and submitted within timeline provided.

0%

0%
Categories
Featured Ideas & Insights

Mandatory Sustainability Reporting

Mandatory Sustainability Reporting

MANDATORY SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING REQUIREMENT

1. Singapore Stock Exchange Sustainability Reporting Requirement

Annual Report issued for financial year ended on Financial Year Ended 2017。

2. Bursa Malaysia Sustainability Reporting Requirement

Businesses in the tourism industry such as travel agencies, hoteliers and airlines will be given a deferment of their monthly tax instalment payments for six (6) months from 1 April 2020 to 30 September 2020.

 

This will affect instalment payments from 1 April 2020 to 30 September 2020 and the Inland Revenue Board (IRB) clarified in their media release dated 9 March 2020, that an application for the deferment has to be made via a manual form to the Tax Operations Department of the IRB.

Narrative Statement (i)

Detailed Disclosure (ii)

Annual reports issued for financial years ending on or after.
Main Market listed issuers with market capitalisation as at 31 Dec 2015:
≥ RM 2 billion
31 Dec 2016
31 Dec 2016
RM1 – 2 billion

31 Dec 2017

31 Dec 2017

≤ RM 1 billion

31 Dec 2017

31 Dec 2018

ACE Market:

All listed corporations
31 Dec 2018

N/A

Notes:

  • Narrative statement of the management of material economic, environmental and social risk and opportunities
  • Detailed disclosure includes the governance structure, scope of sustainability statement and the management of EES risks and opportunities

WHAT WE DO

More and more stock exchanges recognised the important of Sustainability Reporting and require all the listed companies to disclose their ESG performance as non-financial performance reporting to satisfy the greater demand of transparency from stakeholders. We can assist you in developing your ESG reporting. Our key services include: –

 

  1. Stakeholder engagement
  2. Sustainability reporting and disclosure
  3. Environment, health & safety
  4. Policy advisory
  5. Report assurance

OUR SELECTED TRACK RECORDS AND TEAM EXPERIENCES

RGT Berhad
Harbour-Link Group
SDS Group Berhad
Malaysia Steel Works (KL) Bhd
Engtex Group Berhad
ARB Berhad
SCGM Berhad
KPS Consortium Berhad
Bonia Corporation Berhad
Sin Heng Chan (Malaya) Berhad
KSL Holdings Berhad
PCCS Group Berhad
Inta Bina Group Berhad
Perusahaan Sadur Timah Malaysia (Perstima) Berhad
K. Seng Seng Corporation Berhad
Perak Transit Berhad
Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Is Your Interest Tax Deductible?

Is Your Interest Tax Deductible?

Key Takeaway

  • Deduction rules on interest expenses incurred on loan or borrowings taken for business.
  1. Borrowing is very important for the businesses. However, the source of borrowing whether is local or overseas; the parties to whom we borrowed from; the purposes of and use for the borrowings will affect the deductibility of the interest.
  2. Therefore, the rules on interest deductions (borrowing which generate interest expenses) can be complex.

Is Your Interest Tax Deductible?

Interest Tax Graph
Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Capital Statement: Does Your Declared Income Support Your Accumulated Assets?

Capital Statement: Does Your Declared Income Support Your Accumulated Assets?

Key Takeaway

  • Tool used by the IRB to detect under-declared income
  • Rationale of the capital statement approach
  • The importance of maintaining complete records

What Is A Capital Statement?

  • The personal ‘balance sheet’ of an individual
  • It puts together all the assets and liabilities of an individual, adjusted for non-taxable income/losses and the individual’s private and personal expenses
  • One of the most effective tools used by the Inland Revenue Board (‘IRB’) to ascertain whether an individual has under-declared income in the past

Assets Scrutinised By The IRB

  • Properties
  • Motor vehicles
  • Shares and other investments (listed AND private companies)
  • Bank accounts (local AND foreign bank accounts)
  • Credit card accounts,
  • Directors’ account balances

Period Covered During An Audit/Investigation

  • Normally covers a period of the past six years

Challenges Faced By The Taxpayer

  • Loss of documents
  • Unable to recall the transactions or flow of funds

Capital Equation

capital equation
Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Automation Capital Allowances

Automation Capital Allowances

Key Takeaway

  • 200% Automation Capital Allowance on first 2 million to 4 million expenditure incurred within YA 2015 to 2023;
  • Effective date of application : 1 Jan 2015 until 31 Dec 2023;
  • High labour-intensive industries or industries adopt the automation process.
The Automation Capital Allowance (Automation CA) was introduced to encourage adoption of automation among manufacturing companies.

It is divided into two (2) categories:-
Categories
Incentives
High labour-intensive industries (rubber products, plastics, wood, furniture and textiles)
Automation CA of 200% on the first RM4 million expenditure incurred within year of assessment from 2015 to 2023.
Other industries
Automation CA of 200% on the first RM2 million expenditure incurred within year of assessment 2015 to 2023.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Manufacturing companies incorporated under Companies Act 1965 / 2016;
  • Resident in Malaysia;
  • Engaged in manufacturing activities at least 36 months;
  • Automation machine or equipment used directly in manufacturing activities.
Effective date of application:
Application received by Malaysian Investment Development Authority (MIDA) from 1 January 2015 until 31 December 2023 is eligible to be considered for this incentive.
Source: Malaysian Investment Development Authority
Categories
Ideas & Insights Newsletter

Phase One Of Movement Control Under National Recovery Plan (NRP) Updates to the Inland Revenue Board’s Announcement (Updated 26 June 2021)

Phase One Of Movement Control Under National Recovery Plan (NRP) Updates to the Inland Revenue Board’s Announcement

(Updated 26 June 2021)

Key Takeaways

  • Extension of time for the submission of tax returns
  • Extension of time for tax payments
  • Submission of appeal to IRBM
  • Real Property Gain Tax (RPGT)
  • Stamp Duty
Following to the extension of Phase One of Movement Control under National Recovery Plan (NRP), the Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia (IRBM) has issued ‘Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) On Tax Matters During The Movement Control Order Period’ (Updated on 26 June 2021).

This FAQs include extension of time for submission of forms/ returns/ documents, tax payments etc during the phase one (of NRP) period.

For the full FAQ, please visit: http://phl.hasil.gov.my/pdf/pdfam/faq_pkp3_2.pdf
 
Question
Remarks by IRB
No.
General
(a)
Extension of time to submit documents for audit or investigation within the MCO 3.0 period.
Application for extension of time must be submitted by letter/email to IRBM branch which handle the case.
(b)
Extension of time to provide feedback to IRB letters within the MCO 3.0 period.
Application for extension of time must be submitted by letter/email to IRBM branch which handle the case.
No.
Forms
(a)

Extension of time to submit documents for audit or investigation within the MCO 3.0 period.

Deadline for submission of return forms is stated in the 2021 Return Form Filing Programme:-
http://phl.hasil.gov.my/pdf/pdfam/ProgramMemfailBN_2021_Pin.3_ 2.pdf

  1. Return Form for Companies, Limited Liability Partnerships, Unit Trusts / Property Trusts, Co-operative Societies, Trust Bodies, Real Estate Investment Trusts / Property Trust Funds and Business Trusts:-
    1. For Year of Assessment (YA) 2020 (with accounting period ending 1 October 2020 until 31 December 2020):
      • Extension time of two (2) months will be given from the due date of submission.
    2. For Year of Assessment (YA) 2021 (with accounting period ending 1 January 2021 until 31 January 2021:
      • Extension time of two (2) months will be given from the due date of submission.
  2. Return Form for petroleum with accounting period ending 1 October 2020 until 31 December 2020:
    • Extension time of two (2) months will be given from the due date of submission.
  3. Return Form for petroleum with accounting period ending 1 January 2021 until 31 January 2021:
    • Extension time of two (2) months will be given from the due date of submission.
  4. Return Form for Year of Assessment 2020 for taxpayers CARRYING ON BUSINESS involving Individuals, Resident Individuals (Knowledge /Expert Workers), Non-Resident Individuals, Non-Resident Individuals (Knowledge / Expert Workers), Partnerships, Associations, Deceased Persons Estate and Hindu Joint Families:
    • Extension of time (EOT) granted until 31 August 2021.
(b)
Extension of time for the submission of revised CP500 and CP204 where the due date falls on June 2021.
Extension of time is given until 31 July 2021.

(c)

Submission of Forms CP22 within the MCO 3.0 period.

Form CP22 can be submitted through Customer Feedback Form :-
https://maklumbalaspelanggan.hasil.gov.my/MaklumBalas/en-US/

(d)

Submission of application for tax clearance letter (TCL) within the MCO 3.0 period.
  1. Application can be submitted as follows:-
    1. e-SPC;
    2. Customer Feedback System:
      http://www.hasil.gov.my/bt_goindex.php?bt_kump=2&b t_skum=5&bt_posi=1&bt_unit=3&bt_sequ=1&bt_lgv=2
  2. By post or appointment only.

(e)

Submission of Notice of Appeal (Form Q) to the Special Commissioners of Income Tax (SCIT) where the due date falls within MCO 3.0 period.
Application for extension of time must be done in writing by completing Form N and submitting to IRBM branch. The appeal will be considered based on the merits of case. Taxpayer is required to file Form N and state that the delay is due to the implementation of MCO 3.0.

(f)

Submission of Country-by- Country Reporting (CbCR) where the due date falls within MCO 3.0 period.
Application for extension of time must be submitted in writing to Department of International Taxation and the appeal will be considered based on the merits of the case.

(g)

Submission of Form CP 204 and notification of change of accounting period (CP204B) which due date falls on June 2021.
Extension of time is given until 31 July 2021. CP204B needs to be submitted by post or courier.
(h)
Revision of tax estimate payment (CP204) in the 3rd month of 2021.
No revision is allowed for the 3rd month instalment. Taxpayers must submit the relevant CP204 revision in the 6th / 9th month in the basis period of the business through e-CP204A.
No.

Payments

(a)

Extension of time for tax estimate payments (CP204) due on June 2021.
No extension of time. Tax payer can make payment via online services at ByrHasil.

(b)

Extension of time for other tax instalment payments relating to audit and investigation due on June 2021.
No extension of time. Tax payer can make payment via online services at ByrHasil.

(b)

Extension of time for submission of MTD data and payment of Monthly Tax Deduction / CP38 for remuneration on employment due on 15 June 2021.
No extension of time. Taxpayer can make payment via online services at e- PCB, e-Data PCB dan e-CP39.

(d)

Deferment for compound and penalty payment which due within 1 June 2021 until 28 June 2021.
Extension of time is given up to 30 days from the initial due date for payment.

(e)

Re-scheduling of tax instalment payments.
Tax payer is required to submit the application with the relevant documents such as cash flow documents etc.

(f)

Extension of time for withholding tax payment which due within the MCO 3.0 period.
No extension of time is given. Withholding tax payment can be made via telegraphic transfer by furnishing complete payment details to IRBM via fax at 03-62019637 or e-mail to HelpTTpayment@hasil.gov.my.
No.
Appeal and Penalty Payment

(a)

Application for appeal on the penalty imposed by IRB.
Taxpayer may submit the application for appeal on tax penalty for the following cases:
  1. Unpaid penalties;
  2. Penalties that have been imposed and subject to instalment schedule

(b)

Application for appeal on the tax increase.

Application for appeal on tax increase can be submitted through Customer Feedback Form available at IRBM’s Official Portal:
https://maklumbalaspelanggan.hasil.gov.my/MaklumBalas/en-US/

(c)

Application for appeal on deferment of payment of outstanding penalty imposed to year 2022.

Application for deferment of payment can be submitted through Customer Feedback Form available at IRBM’s Official Portal:
https://maklumbalaspelanggan.hasil.gov.my/MaklumBalas/en-US/

No.
Real Property Gains Tax (RPGT)

(a)

Extension of time for the submission of RPGT return forms where the due date falls in June 2021.
Extension of time is given until 31 July 2021.

(b)

Appeal on RPGT penalty.
Appeal will be considered based on merits of the case.
No.
Stamp Duty

(a)

Appeal on stamp duty penalty.
Appeal will be considered based on merits of the case.

(b)

Extension of time for stamping which cannot be done within the MCO 3.0 period.
Appeal will be considered based on the merits of the case.
Application for extension of time must be made within 30 days from the date of documents.